Brian May reveals he suffered a ‘small heart attack’
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Diabetics are especially more likely to have a silent heart attack, according to the Heart Foundation NZ. Once the heart muscle is starved of oxygen – even if it’s temporary – damage can occur, which can make the next heart attack more risky. The health organisation wants everyone to recognise the symptoms of a heart attack (if they do occur). This includes any discomfort in the chest, which can spread to the shoulder, jaw, arm, neck, or mid-back.
In addition, some people may experience sweating, shortness of breath, nausea, fatigue or dizziness.
Should you suspect you, or someone else, is having a heart attack call 999 immediately.
Medical staff can confirm or deny the occurrence of a heart attack – even if it wasn’t felt in the moment.
Harvard Medical School noted that persistent symptoms, such as fatigue, shortness of breath, or heartburn may indicate you’ve had a previous silent heart attack.
Letting your doctor know of any of these symptoms may prompt a hospital referral to have an electrocardiogram.
This can detect heart muscle damage, and a blood test can uncover if injured heart cells have released the protein troponin T.
Dr Deepak L.Bhatt said: “The most troubling fact about heart attacks is that many people don’t take steps to protect themselves.”
He said that “reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease is the best way to guard against heart attacks”.
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Diabetics are more at risk of cardiovascular disease, confirmed the charity Diabetes UK.
High blood sugar levels – for a sustained amount of time – damages blood vessels.
Excess sugar (i.e. glucose) sticks to red blood cells and builds up in the bloodstream.
This build-up can block and damage the vessels carrying blood to and from the heart.
People with diabetes are cautioned to keep their HbA1c levels (average blood glucose) as close to their target as possible, says experts.
If you have diabetes, an ideal HbA1c target is 48mmol/mol or below, said Diabetes UK.
For those at risk of diabetes, the HbA1C target should be below 42,mmol/mol.
In order to reduce your risk of having a heart attack – if you have diabetes or not – there are steps you can take to protect yourself.
Harvard Medical School encourages all smokers to dot out their last cigarette for good.
The toxic chemicals in each cigarette damages the heart and blood vessels – and it can take longer than a decade for the damage to reverse once you stop.
For some, some damage may be irreversible, but it’s much better to stop now than causing more harm to yourself by lighting up again.
Other health measures include lowering your cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and feelings of stress.
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